What Is Emeramb?
Intensive horticulture is very competitive and one of the most dynamic sectors in Mediterranean agriculture. Emerging plant viral diseases represent a significant burden to plant health, and their highest impact in Mediterranean agriculture is on vegetables grown under intensive horticultural practices. The emergence of a new viral disease results from a complex interaction among several factors, including ecological changes of host and vector populations, and genetic changes due to the introduction of new crop varieties and the evolution of the viruses and/or vectors. A transnational consortium incorporating 12 research groups from Spain, Italy, Greece, France, Slovenia, Egypt, Turkey, Morocco and Israel has been gather to build the EMERAMB project.
EMERAMB aims to determine how key biological and ecological factors can contribute to the emergence of viral diseases in crops, providing measures for the management and control of emergent viral diseases in Mediterranean horticulture and, importantly, a better understanding of the phenomenon of emergence itself.
EMERAMB is focussed in three representative cases:
- Whitefly-transmitted viruses in tomato and cucurbits,
- Aphid-transmitted viruses in cucurbits and,
- The mechanically transmitted Pepino mosaic virus in tomato.
- Set up advanced virus detection and discovery tools,
- Map viruses and vectors in crops and reservoirs,
- Analyse ecological and evolutionary factors influencing virus emergence,
- Analyse virus-host interactions and,
- Develop sustainable strategies for the control of emerging plant viral diseases.